¬† I. Firecrackers
1) On a comparison of the two systems, i.e. the present system of evaluating firecrackers on the basis of noise levels, and the other where the firecrackers shall be evaluated on the basis of chemical composition, we feel that the latter method is more practical and workable in Indian circumstances. It shall be followed unless and until replaced by a better system.
2) The Department of Explosives (DOE) shall undertake necessary research activity for the purpose and come out with the chemical formulae for each type or category or class of firecrackers. The DOE shall specify the proportion/ composit on as well as the maximum permissible weight of every chemical used in manufacturing firecrackers.
3) The Department of Explosives may divide the firecrackers into two categories i) Sound emitting firecrackers and ii) Colour / light emitting firecrackers.
4) There shall be a complete ban on bursting sound emitting firecrackers between 10 pm and 5 am. It is not necessary to impose restrictions as to time on bursting of colour / light emitting firecrackers.
5) Every manufacturer shall on the box of each firecracker mention details of its chemical contents and that it satisfies the requirement as laid down by DOE. In case of a failure on the part of the manufacturer to mention the details or in cases there the contents of the box do not match the chemical formulae as cases where the contents of the box do not match the chemical formulae as stated on the box, the manufacturer may be held liable.
6) Firecrackers for the purpose of export may be manufactured bearing higher noise levels subject to the following conditions: i) The manufacturer should be permitted to do so only when he has an export order with him and not otherwise; ii) The noise levels or these firecrackers should conform to the noise standards prescribed in the country to which they are intended to be exported as per the export order; iii) These firecrackers should have a different colour packing, from those intended to be sold in India; iv) They must carry a declaration printed thereon something like 'not for sale in India' or 'only for export to country AB' and so on.